The Whipple procedure, also known as a pancreaticoduodenectomy, is a surgical procedure used to remove tumors in the head of the pancreas, as well as other neighboring organs.

The surgery involves several steps, including:

  1. Anesthesia: The patient is given general anesthesia to ensure they are asleep and pain-free during the procedure.
  2. Incision: The surgeon makes a large incision in the patient’s abdomen to access the pancreas and surrounding organs.
  3. Removal of the gallbladder: The gallbladder, which is located near the underside of the liver, is removed during the procedure.
  4. Removal of the head of the pancreas and duodenum: The surgeon carefully removes the head of the pancreas and the first portion of the small intestine called the duodenum.
  5. Reconnection of the pancreas: The remaining portion of the pancreas is reconnected to ensure proper digestive function.
  6. Reconstruction of the bile duct: The surgeon reconstructs the bile duct to ensure that bile can flow properly from the liver to the small intestine.
  7. Reconnection of the digestive system: The small intestine is then reconnected to the stomach to enable eating.
  8. Closure: The incision is then closed using sutures and a drain is placed to help monitor healing.

After the surgery, the patient will typically stay in the hospital for several days to recover and may need to follow a specific diet or take medications to manage pain or prevent complications. Recovery time can vary depending on the patient’s overall health and the complexity of the surgery.

What are the steps of a whipple procedure?
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